Ultimate Guide to Electric Bikes: Everything You Need to Know

March 7, 2023

Electric bikes, or e-bikes, are becoming increasingly popular as a sustainable mode of transportation. They offer many benefits, including reducing your carbon footprint, saving money on transportation costs, and getting you to your destination faster. If you’re considering purchasing an electric bike, here’s everything you need to know.

Definition of Electric Bikes

An electric bike, also known as an eBike or E-bike, is a bicycle that is powered by a battery and an electric motor. They are designed to assist with pedaling, making it easier to ride longer distances and uphill.

Benefits of Electric Bikes

There are many benefits to owning an electric bike, including:

Easy Commuting

E-bikes can make commuting much easier, especially for people who live in cities or have to tackle hilly terrain. They can help you cover more distance with less effort, so you can arrive at your destination feeling fresh and energized.

Environmental Friendly

E-bikes are an environmentally friendly alternative to cars, as they don’t emit harmful pollutants into the air. They also consume less energy than cars, which makes them a great choice for those who want to reduce their carbon footprint.


Although e-bikes can be more expensive than traditional bicycles, they are more cost-effective in the long run. They require less maintenance, and you can save money on gas, parking, and insurance.

Health Benefits

Electric bikes still require pedaling, so you can still get a workout while riding. They are also a great option for people who have joint problems or are recovering from an injury.

A man on a blue electric bike, stopping to look at the view of trees.

Types of Electric Bicycles

There are several types of electric bikes available, including:

City/Urban eBikes

City or urban bikes are designed for commuting in an urban setting. They are lightweight, maneuverable, and have features like fenders and lights.

Mountain eBikes

Mountain eBikes are designed for off-road riding on rough terrain. They have larger, wider tires and more suspension than other types of electric bikes.

Folding eBikes

Folding electric bikes are designed for those who need a compact and portable bike for commuting or storage. They can be folded up and carried on public transportation or stored in small spaces.

Road eBikes

Road bikes are designed for speed and efficiency on smooth roads. They are lightweight and have narrow tires for reduced friction.

Cargo eBikes

Cargo bikes are designed for carrying large or heavy items. They have a sturdy frame and often have racks or baskets for carrying cargo.

How Do Electric Bikes Work?

Electric bikes work by using a battery to power an electric motor. The motor provides assistance to the rider’s pedaling, making it easier to ride. There are several components to an electric bike:


Batteries are the most important component of an electric bike. They store the energy that powers the motor. The range of an electric bike depends on the battery’s capacity, which is measured in watt-hours (Wh).

e-bike battery mounted on the back of an electric bike


Electric bikes have motors that provide assistance to the rider’s pedaling. There are two types of motors: hub motors and mid-drive motors. Hub motors are located in the wheel hub, while mid-drive motors are located near the bike’s bottom bracket.

Pedal-Assist vs. Throttle

Electric bikes can be operated in two ways: pedal-assist and throttle. Pedal-assist bikes provide assistance only when the rider is pedaling. Throttle bikes can be operated with a throttle, similar to a motorcycle.

Factors to Consider When Purchasing an Electric Bike

When purchasing an electric bike, there are several factors to consider to ensure that you choose the right one for you. Here are some of the most important things to look for:

A. Range

One of the most critical factors to consider when purchasing an electric bike is its range. Range refers to the distance an e-bike can travel on a single charge. Most e-bikes can travel between 20-60 miles on a single charge. However, the range can vary depending on various factors such as terrain, rider weight, and level of pedal assist.

Before purchasing an electric bike, consider the range you need. If you plan to use your e-bike for longer distances or commutes, opt for an e-bike with a longer range.

B. Brakes

Electric bikes tend to be heavier than regular bikes, which makes it more challenging to come to a quick stop. Therefore, it’s essential to consider the brakes when purchasing an electric bike. Most electric bikes come with either rim brakes or disc brakes.

Disc brakes offer better stopping power, especially in wet or muddy conditions, making them ideal for mountain or off-road e-bikes. However, rim brakes are lighter and require less maintenance.

C. Frame

The frame is an essential component to consider when purchasing an electric bike. E-bikes have a more substantial frame than traditional bikes, as they need to support the motor and battery. It’s essential to choose a frame that is both sturdy and lightweight, so it’s easier to maneuver.

D. Weight

Electric bikes tend to be heavier than traditional bikes due to the motor and battery. The weight of the e-bike can affect how easy it is to handle, maneuver, and transport. Consider the weight of the e-bike before purchasing, and opt for one that you can easily handle.

E. Price

Electric bikes can range in price from a few hundred to several thousand dollars. It’s essential to consider your budget when purchasing an e-bike. However, it’s important to keep in mind that a higher price tag often means better quality components and longer-lasting durability.

F. Warranty

Before purchasing an electric bike, consider the warranty. Look for a warranty that covers both the motor and battery, as these are the most critical components of an e-bike. A good warranty can provide peace of mind and protect your investment in the event of a malfunction.

A display on an ebike showing the battery life, speed, and mileage

Key Features to Look for When Buying Electric Bikes

When purchasing an electric bike, there are several features to look for to ensure that you get the best bike for your needs. Here are some of the most important features:


The motor is the heart of the electric bike, and it determines how much assistance you get while pedaling. Look for a motor that is powerful and efficient, and that can provide assistance up to the speed you require.


The battery is what powers the motor, and it determines how far you can go on a single charge. Look for a battery with a high capacity and a long lifespan, and make sure that it is easily removable for charging.


Brakes are a critical safety feature on any bike, and they are even more important on an electric bike that can go faster than a traditional bike. Look for high-quality brakes that are capable of stopping the bike quickly and safely.


Tires can greatly affect the performance and comfort of an electric bike. Look for tires that are durable and puncture-resistant, and that provide good traction on various surfaces.


Suspension can make a big difference in the comfort and handling of an electric bike, especially if you plan to ride off-road or on rough terrain. Look for a bike with a suspension system that is appropriate for your riding style.

Top Electric Bike Brands

If you’re looking for a top-quality electric bike, there are plenty of brands to choose from. Here are four brands that you might want to consider:


Known for their high-quality bicycles, Fuji also produces a range of e-bikes that are both durable and reliable. Their electric bikes have great range, making them ideal for commuting or longer rides.


Hurley specializes in sturdy electric mountain bikes that can handle even the toughest terrain. Since their bikes are built with durable, high-quality components, you can tackle off-road adventures with confidence.

Hurley E-Bikes

Starting at $699.99

Hurley Tailslide E-Bike


A leader in the e-bike industry, Haibike produces a range of electric bikes for both on-road and off-road use. Their ebikes feature powerful motors, long-lasting batteries, and sturdy frames. Haibike is a top choice for anyone looking for a high-performance e-bike.


Bianchi has a reputation for their stylish and innovative bikes and produces a range of electric bikes that are both sleek and powerful. Their e-bikes feature lightweight frames and strong motors, making them a great choice for anyone looking for a bike that’s both stylish and functional.

Maintaining and Caring for Your Electric Bike

Taking care of your electric bike is crucial in maintaining its performance and longevity. Here are some maintenance tips to keep your bike in top shape:

Cleaning your eBike

Regularly cleaning your electric bike is important to prevent dirt and debris from damaging its components. You can clean your bike using a mild detergent and water, and make sure to dry it thoroughly afterward. Avoid using a high-pressure hose as this can damage the electronics.

Battery Maintenance

Proper maintenance of your electric bike’s battery is important to ensure optimal performance and longevity. Make sure to charge the battery regularly and avoid letting it completely discharge. It is also important to store the battery in a cool, dry place and avoid exposing it to extreme temperatures.

Tire Pressure

Maintaining the correct tire pressure is important for both performance and safety. Check the tire pressure regularly and adjust it as needed. You can find the recommended tire pressure in the manufacturer’s manual or on the sidewall of the tire.

Brake Maintenance

Proper maintenance of your electric bike’s brakes is crucial for safety. Check the brake pads regularly and replace them if they are worn out. You should also make sure that the brake cables are properly adjusted and lubricated.

A man riding a white electric bike and a woman riding a blue foldable ebike.

Safety Tips for E-Biking

While electric bikes are a fun and convenient mode of transportation, safety should always be a top priority. Here are some safety tips to keep in mind:

Always Wear a Helmet

Wearing a bicycle helmet is crucial for protecting your head in case of an accident. Make sure to wear a properly fitting helmet every time you ride your electric bike.

Increase Visibility with Reflectors and Lights

Adding reflectors and lights to your electric bike can increase your visibility to others on the road. Make sure to have both front and rear lights as well as reflectors on the bike and your clothing.

Follow Traffic Laws

Just like any other vehicle on the road, electric bikes must follow traffic laws. This includes stopping at stop signs and red lights, signaling turns, and riding in the appropriate lanes.


Electric bikes are a great way to get around and enjoy the outdoors. They offer a fun and efficient way to commute, exercise, and explore. Whether you’re looking for a city bike, a mountain bike, or something in between, there’s an electric bike out there that’s perfect for you. With the right bike and a little bit of practice, you’ll be riding like a pro in no time.

Proper maintenance and care are essential to keep your electric bike running smoothly and prolong its lifespan. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions and regularly clean your bike, maintain the battery, check the tire pressure, and ensure the brakes are working correctly.

Remember, safety should always be a top priority when riding an electric bike. Wear a helmet, use reflectors and lights, and obey traffic laws.

A man and a woman wearing bicycle helmets, riding electric bicycles along a paved path.

FAQs about Electric Bikes

How fast can electric bikes go?

Electric bikes can typically reach speeds of up to 20-28 mph, depending on the type of bike.

How far can electric bikes travel on a single charge?

Electric bikes can typically travel up to 30-50 miles on a single charge, depending on the type of bike and the terrain.The range of an electric bike depends on the battery’s capacity, the motor’s power, and how much assistance the rider uses. 

Do I need a license to ride an electric bike?

In most cases, you do not need a license to ride an electric bike. However, regulations vary by state and country, so it’s important to check your local laws.

How much do electric bikes cost?

Electric bikes can range in price from a few hundred dollars to several thousand dollars, depending on the type and features.

Are electric bikes environmentally friendly?

Yes, electric bikes are considered to be environmentally friendly because they emit fewer greenhouse gases than cars and other modes of transportation.

Can I ride an electric bike in the rain?

Yes, most electric bikes are designed to be water-resistant and can be ridden in the rain. However, you should take precautions to keep the battery and electrical components dry and avoid riding through deep water.

How long do electric bike batteries last?

The lifespan of an electric bike battery depends on the type, usage, and maintenance. Lithium-ion batteries, which are the most common type, can last up to 5 years or more with proper care.

Are electric bikes expensive?

Electric bikes can be more expensive than traditional bikes, with prices ranging from $500 to $10,000 or more. However, the cost of an electric bike can be offset by savings in fuel and maintenance costs over time.

How do I charge an electric bike battery?

To charge an electric bike battery, connect the charger to the battery and an electrical outlet. The charging time depends on the battery capacity and charger specifications.

Bushcraft Charlie

Born and raised on the East Coast, Bushcraft Charlie first started developing his bushcraft skills in the woods outside the suburbs. Then, he picked up and moved to Montana, where's he's spent the past decade hiking the Rocky Mountains, building lean-tos and enjoying more bushcraft.

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