Bushcraft, or wilderness survival skills, is all about using and living off of the natural resources around you. There are few things you need to be comfortable in your bushcraft base camp, such as fire, water, and shelter. Here are 7 important bushcraft skills every one should know before hitting the trails.
Batoning is simply a method of splitting wood. You use a sturdy knife or hatchet to split the wood by hitting the blade through the wood with another sturdy, baton-like object (hence the name batoning). This technique is useful for splitting firewood or splitting branches.
Starting a Fire (Firecraft)
Making fire is a critical part of any
Making a Shelter
Learning to build a basic shelter is an important bushcraft survival skill. It’s especially important when camping overnight. A shelter protects you from the cold and elements, as well as wildlife (to a degree.) You can use a tarp to quickly set-up a temporary shelter, or build temporary or semi-permanent shelters like a lean-to.
When choosing your bushcraft base
Regardless of where you source your water, you want it to be clean. If needed, filter your water to move large debris, then boil the water to purify it and kill the bacteria.
Foraging is one of three ways to find food in the wilderness, along with hunting and trapping. Foraging involves learning what plants in the wild are safe to eat, which to avoid, and how to cook what you gather. For example, you can use safe wildflowers to brew a hot herbal tea. Plant identification can also be useful for identifying plants with medicinal benefits. A foraging guide as an invaluable resource for
From helping to build a shelter to trapping, knowing how to tie a good knot is a useful skill that will prevent tarps from flapping off or canoes floating away. It combines nicely with more advanced survival skills like making your own rope. This list of knots is a nice resource to learn how to tie knots for survival.
Before heading out on any bushcraft trip, you need to know how to get to and from where you’re going. Learn how to use a compass, read maps, and note geographical landmarks like streams or lakes as you move across the terrain.
This list of important bushcraft skills is just a start of the many things you can do with bushcraft. As you become more comfortable and practiced in your bushcraft skills, you’ll learn more advanced skills like tracking, trapping, and navigating water ways.
What bushcraft skills are you excited to learn? Which skills have you relied on the most on your bushcraft trips?